Phonemic awareness is the ability to hear and manipulate the sounds in spoken words and the understanding that spoken words are made up of sequences of speech sounds. The child’s level of phonemic awareness upon entering school is one of the strongest indicators of how well he/she will learn to read. Children must have an understanding that words are made up of separate speech sounds that can be broken apart and put together to form words. Without this understanding, learning the alphabet doesn’t make much sense. Although some children enter school with an appreciation of the sounds of language, many do not. The exciting part is that, as teachers, by assessing our students’ phonemic awareness skills early on, we can identify those who may be at risk for reading difficulties and provide intervention right away. Research also indicates that phonemic awareness skills can be developed through instuction and that by doing so, the child’s reading and writing development improves.
This little activity can help children understand and isolate sounds in words. Actually, there are really 2 different activities in this free download. For this activity, you’ll need the printable of the dog for each child in your group. The dog is divided into three parts: head, body and tail. You’ll also need a little bone. I found these mini-rawhide bones at our local department store (Meijer). For the first activity, you’ll say a 3-phoneme word (e.g. cat, met, fed…) and then a sound in the word. So, for example, “cat /k/”. If the sound is in the beginning of the word, the child places the bone on the dog’s head. If the sound is in the middle, the bone is placed on the body and if the sound is at the end, the bone is placed on the tail.
For the second activity, you’ll show the student 2 pictures (e.g. mouse/house). Your student will have to decide if the “different” sound is at the beginning, middle or end of the word. Again, a bone is placed on either the head, body or tail.
If you like this activity, you may also like the activities contained in the Phonemic Awareness Intervention Kit for Teachers. This kit contains 15 hands-on activities for teaching isolating sounds, phoneme segmentation/blending, and phoneme manipulation. All the materials are provided in this sturdy Sterilite container and the printable activities are printed in color and on 90lb card stock.
Kyle (fabulous artist) did such a wonderful job designing these candy corns. I just love them- and the kiddos do too! They were such a hit last school year. This year I added the vocabulary activity. They are super easy to make. Simply print the candy corns on card stock and cut them into three separate pieces. That’s it! Your center activity is all set.
The Candy Corn Alphabet activity is perfect for students just learning letters and sounds. Students match the beginning sound to both the upper- and lowercase letters.
Many of our preschoolers and kindergarteners need extra practice with rhyme. Rhyming activities help students develop critical phonemic awareness skills. When you download this activity you’ll receive 16 colorful rhyming candy corns.
Okay- so here it is! The brand new Candy Corn activity for vocabulary. This activity is ideal for our little preschoolers, students with language delays or students learning English. When you download this activity you’ll receive 24 colorful candy corns with pictures that “go-together”. Not only can you have your students match and name the pictures, you can also have them say why they think those pictures are matched. Great activity for expanding oral language.
It’s always fun to put a little seasonal spirit into centers or your small group activities.
I love going into stores during their back-to-school sales! I especially love perusing the aisles of Walmart and our local dollar stores. There’s always super cheap items that can be used or changed into activities for our little kiddos. Just last week I found these pocket charts at Walmart. They are the perfect size for your small group instruction area. Well, just across the street from Walmart is the Dollar Tree. I found these colorful snack containers with the snapped-topped lid–so perfect for storing pictures!
I thought it’d be fun to create an early literacy packet for the pocket charts and use the containers to store the pics. So, in the spirit of color-coordination, all the beginning sound pics have a blue border, the rhyme pics a red border, pictures for syllables green, and the pictures for phoneme segmentation yellow. How wonderful that the containers come in all those colors! Love it! When you download this file, you’ll receive 120 sorting pictures for beginning sounds. That’s 5 pictures per letter. You’ll also receive 18 rhyming pair pictures to use to teach and practice the skill of rhyme.
The skill of syllabication is one of the early phonemic awareness skills. There are 33 pictures of 1, 2, and 3 syllable words.
It’s important that students understand that words are comprised of individual speech sounds. By mid-kindergarten/early first we expect children to be able to “segment” or break apart words into their sounds. This skill is called “phoneme segmentation”. There are 44 pictures contained in the Pocket Chart Pictures file that can be used to teach this skill. Students say the word, segment the word into its sounds and then place the picture in correct row indicating the number of sounds.
Just for organization sake, labels for the containers are also included.
If you like this pocket chart product, you may also like the Picture Chart Pictures for Short Vowels/CVC too.
Okay, I know that the Walmart pocket charts aren’t available year-round. There are many options available for you. I found these magnetic pocket charts on Amazon that would work great too. They would be ideal for posting on your wall if using the pictures as a center activity.
Phonemic awareness is one of my favorite topics relating to literacy instruction. Studies of reading development have demonstrated that the acquisition of phonemic awareness is highly predictive of success in learning to read. It’s so important that our beginning readers have an understanding that spoken words are made of up individual speech sounds so that phonics instruction makes sense. Teaching phonemic awareness skills can be actually quite fun. There are tons of activities that you can use during your whole and small group instruction. Here are a few:
There are several skills which fall under the category of phonemic awareness and phonemic awareness awareness falls under a broader category known as phonological awareness. I’ve created this little video to help explain exactly what phonemic awareness is and its role in literacy development as well as demonstrate several activities that can be used to teach the skill of segmentation.
Here’s a graphic that I used during the video which depicts that explains the difference between phonological awareness and phonemic awareness. Feel free to download this pic.
Click the following link to download this graphic Phonological Awareness
When using the Bead Slide activity, you provide the student with a word and then he/she is to break the word apart into its individual sounds while moving a bead for each sound. I like to use this cheat sheet as I sometimes have a difficult time coming up with words off the top of my head.
Click the following link to download the 2-, 3- and 4- phoneme cheat sheet Phoneme Segmentation Words
The activities within the video are 4 of 15 hands-on activities designed to address phonemic awareness skills contained within the Response to Intervention Phonemic Awareness Activity Pack. This pack is available either through the Make, Take & Teach Store or through my Teachers Pay Teachers store.
Last week Kyle created these cute little acorns and I just couldn’t resist getting started on making a few fall-themed activities. We created 3 sets using the acorns- one for rhyming, one for beginning sounds and the other for vocabulary. When you download the rhyme activity you’ll receive 34 colorful acorns with rhyming matches.
I’m lovin’ the Acorn Beginning Sounds activity for working with learning letters and sounds. Of course, when you download this activity, you’ll receive 26 acorns with the letters of the alphabet and a corresponding picture.
One of my goals this school year is to create more activities for working with vocabulary. The Acorn Match- Go Together activity contains 35 acorns with pictures that go-together. This activity is especially helpful for students with language delays and students learning English.
Well, I have a few more fall-themed activities up my sleeve. Just can’t wait to get started!
Thanks for stopping by and checking out the Make, Take & Teach Activity Pack for Phonemic Awareness. The activities contained in this pack are ideal for use within your targeted small group intervention. If your school uses the DIBELS Next as a universal screening assessment, the activities align with the Initial Sound Fluency and Phoneme Segmentation Fluency assessments. We know that children learn best with a hands-on approach to teaching. These activities are hands-on activities which means that you’ll have to gather some materials to assemble several of the games. When you download the Response to Intervention- Phonemic Awareness Activity Pack from my Teachers Pay Teachers store you’ll receive the following activities in the downloadable pdf.
A 19 page teaching manual is included in this activity pack. For each activity, the materials required is listed. Specific teaching instructions makes the activities ideal for either teacher or para-professional led intervention groups. An appendix containing a list of 2-, 3-, 4- and 5-phoneme words is included.
The activities progress in difficulty and ideas for differentiation and levels of support are provided. The first activity is Beginning Sound Sorting. There are 100 colorful pictures beginning with 25 letters of the alphabet (x not included). You can easily differentiate this activity by limiting the number of letters to be sorted or by decreasing the amount of emphasis placed on the first sound as the picture is named.
You will receive 10 different Bingo Chip Beginning Sound templates when you download the activity pack. Students place a magnetic bingo chip on the picture that begins with the sound you provided. Using the magnetic wand to gather the chips adds a little novelty to the activity.
25 Sound Matching cards are included in the Phonemic Awareness Activity Pack. Students place a magnetic chip on the pictures that begin with the given letter. Again, swiping the cards with the magnetic wand adds a touch of fun.
The Odd One Out activity requires your students to find the picture with the sound which is different when given three words. There are 16 Odd One Out templates.
Students LOVE Doggie, Where’s My Bone and Doggie Sound Switch. When playing Doggie, Where’s My Bone, you provide the students with a 3-phoneme word (use the list in the appendix) and a sound in the word (“cat” /a/). Your students place the bone on either the head to indicate that the sound is in the initial word position, the body to indicate that the sound is in the medial word position or the tail to indicate that the sound is in the final position of the word. Doggie Sound Switch addresses the higher level phonemic awareness skill of phoneme substitution.
Race Car Blending is an all-time favorite with both boys and girls alike. Students say the sounds of the words while moving their race cars over the letters. Repeat several times going faster each time and the sounds are blended into words. You’ll receive 16 race car tracks when you download this file.
The Breaking Up Words activity is one of my favorite activities for introducing the concept of phoneme segmentation. 20 Breaking Up Words cards are provided within this file. Each pictured word has dots with a 1-to-1 correspondence.
37 colorful 2-, 3- and 4-phoneme pictured words are included in the How Many Sounds activity. Students name the picture and then places the picture in correct numbered envelope.
The Say It-Move It activity is a great activity for practicing phoneme segmentation. This activity is a little more difficult as there is not a 1-to-1 correspondence between the items and sounds in the word. For this activity, you say a word (again, using the list provided) and the student moves a chip for each sound in the word.
Sometimes you just have to add a little movement into your activities. For the Ball Toss Segmenting activity, students toss a foam ball into the air for each sound in a given word. Balls can be purchased at any dollar store.
Squaring Up is another activity which does not include a 1-to-1 correspondence between the sounds and the squares. Students name the picture and move a tile for each sound heard in the word.
The Bead Slide is my all-time favorite tool when teaching phoneme segmentation. For this activity, you say a word and the students move a bead for each sound heard in the word.
The skill of Phoneme Deletion is one of the higher level phonemic awareness skills. Students find the matching pairs (lamb-clam) in this classic game of memory.
What’s the Scoop? is another activity designed to focus on the skill of phoneme deletion. Students take turns choosing ice cream scoops and trying to match the scoops to their cones.
When you download the Phonemic Awareness Activity Pack from the Make, Take & Teach website or from the TpT online store, you’ll receive 68 pages of printables for assembling the activities. Most items are common items that you are likely to already have within your classroom or can be purchased at a dollar store. If you’d like, I’ve done the shopping and printing for you! When you order the Phonemic Awareness Activity Kit, all the printables (many printed in triplicate for use with numerous students) and materials to assemble the activities are delivered to your front door in this sturdy Sterilite Container. The activities are printed in color using 90 lb cardstock.
The Phonemic Awareness Kit is also available for parents! The parent kit contains 10 activities designed for use with one child.
Click HERE to order the kit from the Make, Take & Teach website.